Hong Kong’s upcoming elections are the latest in a long list of elections in the Chinese city, where political power is split between the two major political parties.
A new election is also scheduled for 2020.
The 2017 election saw the establishment of the Democratic Alliance, led by pro-democracy politician Leung Chun-ying, who had led a campaign against China’s authoritarian regime.
With the opposition split and the incumbent leader, former chief executive Leung, barred from running again, Leung has been the sole challenger.
The DAB has been unable to hold a meaningful majority in the city council since the beginning of the year, but its leader, Joshua Wong, has won seats in the Legislative Council.
Despite his narrow win in the June poll, the DAB is unlikely to become the dominant political force in the country.
While Wong was elected with just under 20 per cent of the vote, his party, the Democratic Action Party (DAAP), won almost half the vote.
It is unclear how Wong will fare in the 2019 election.
On the other hand, there are still a number of candidates vying for the city’s top post, including former chief secretary of Hong Kong, Carrie Lam, and the former deputy chief secretary, Carrie Wong.
Both are expected to face off in a tight battle for the post.
The 2018 election saw a similar mix of political parties, with the pro-Beijing Alliance for Democracy (AD) taking the lead.
But AD is still considered the second-strongest political force.
Wong, who is also running for a second term, has been one of the most prominent voices of dissent against the Chinese regime, often being seen as the lone voice in the pro-“democracy” camp.
He is known for his outspoken criticism of the current leader, Leong Chun-ping, and has been accused of being the mastermind behind the death of Occupy Central protesters.
In September, he also announced he was stepping down from his post as deputy chief executive.
Wong, who has been in power for 10 years, is also the only current leader of the Hong Kong Association of Students, the umbrella group of students across the city.
The pro-establishment Democratic Party of Hong (DPHK), led by Leung and supported by the pro’-democracy Democratic Alliance for Future and Change (DAFEC), is set to take over the reins of government.
DPAHK is expected to hold its first major rally since the election, which will take place on October 6, the anniversary of the Chinese military’s occupation of Hong Kowloon in 1997.